Different Types Of Electronic Component

1, Passive Components: These components are those that do not have gain or directionality. They are also called Electrical elements or electrical components.Example: Resistors, Capacitors, Diodes, Inductors.
2, Active Components: These components are those that have gain or directionality. Example: Transistors, Integrated Circuits or ICs, Logic Gates.

Function of Basic Electronic Components:
Terminals and Connectors: Components to make electrical connection.
Resistors: Components used to resist current.
Switches: Components that may be made to either conduct (closed) or not (open).
Capacitors: Components that store electrical charge in an electrical field.
Magnetic or Inductive Components: These are Electrical components that use magnetism.
Network Components: Components that use more than 1 type of Passive Component.
Piezoelectric devices, crystals, resonators: Passive components that use piezoelectric. effect.
Semiconductors: Electronic control parts with no moving parts.
Diodes: Components that conduct electricity in only one direction.
Transistors: A semiconductor device capable of amplification.
Integrated Circuits or ICs: A microelectronic computer circuit incorporated into a chip or semiconductor; a whole system rather than a single component.